pour élèves .Des exercices de certain matière...



    Messages : 74
    Date d'inscription : 15/03/2010
    Age : 21
    Localisation : Tunisie


    Message  Admin le Sam 24 Avr - 23:30


    Name and Surname: Hajer Souissi

    Class: 7th B4

    College: Model Junior High School

     Introduction





     Conclusion

    Tunisia has always been a crossroads of civilizations. Its first inhabitants were the Numidian. Then came the Phoenicians, Romans, barbarians, Arabs, Turks, Andalusians, the Italian and French. This mixing of peoples of diverse origins who has made Tunisia a crossroads of civilizations.

    Tunisia is a country her capital is Tunis, her official language is Arabic and her second language is French.
    The national flag of Tunisia is predominantly red and consists of a white circle in the middle containing a red crescent around a five-pointed star.
    The coat of arms of Tunisia display a ship along with a lion holding a sword and a balance .In the center, just under the ship there is Arabic text with a national motto: freedom-order-justice. The center emblem of the national flag is seen above the shield. The back ground is gold in all section.
    Situated on the North African coast of the Mediterranean Sea between Algeria and Libya and just south of Italy, Tunisia represents an intriguing cross-cultural blend of Europe and Africa. Tunisia is situated on the fringe of the Sahara, and while it has an arid land it is not a stereotypically desert country.

    The first people known to history in what is now Tunisia were the Berbers. Numerous civilizations and peoples have invaded, migrated to, and been assimilated into the population over the millennia, with varying influxes of population via conquest and settlement from Phoenicians/Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Arabs, Ottoman Turks, and French.
    Although fewer than 2 percent speak the Berber language. Arabic has become the language of the Tunisian people, who have come to regard themselves as Arabs.
    The population of Tunisia in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 9,832,000, which placed it as number 82 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 6% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 30% of the population under 15 years of age.

    Tunisia has stepped up its efforts on the manufacturing industry: textiles, electrical, electronics, leather, handicrafts and oil derivatives.
    But the country is primarily agricultural. The modernization of its infrastructure and the installation of dams have allowed Tunisia to make clear progress.
    Tunisia is in the process of economic reform and liberalization after decades of heavy state direction and participation in the economy. Prudent economic and fiscal planning have resulted in moderate but sustained growth for over a decade. Tunisia's economic growth historically has depended on oil, phosphates, agri-food products, car parts manufacturing, and tourism. In the World Economic Forum 2008/2009 Global Competitiveness Report, the country ranks first in Africa and 36th globally for economic competitiveness, well ahead of Portugal, Italy and Greece.

    The country has a tourism infrastructure of more modern with more than 826 hotels totaling 232 000 beds, golf courses, marinas, casinos and entertainment of all kinds.
    7 million tourists were registered in 2008 and 38 million nights.
    Tunisia prepares for space tourism through the international airport of Tozeur, Nafta: 2009 Start of weightlessness in parabolic flights in 2012 and early sub-orbital flights.
    The main tourist attractions
    -Tunis – Carthage - Sidi Bou Said
    -Hammamet - Nabeul
    -El Kantaoui - Sousse - Monastir
    -Jerba (or Djerba) - Zarzis
    -Tozeur - Nafta - Douz - Matmata
    -Tabarka - Ain Draham

    The most popular sport in Tunisia is football. The national football team, also known as "The Eagles of Carthage" have participated in four World Cup Championships. The team's record is shown below:
    The premier football league is the"Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1". The main clubs are Espérance Sportive de Tunis, Club Africain, Sfaxian Sportive Club and Étoile Sportive du Sahel.
    Hand ball
    The most famous tunisian handball player is Wissem Hmam . In the 2005 handball championship in Tunis, Wisam Hmam was ranked as the top scorer of the tournament.
    Oussama Mallouli, gold medalist at the Beijing Summer Olylmpics. In the 2008 Olympics, Tunisian Oussama Mellouli won a gold medal in 1500 freestyle. Rugby
    Tunisia is one of Africa's best rugby union nations, currently with 10,698 registered players (IRB statistics). The national team has participated in the Africa Cup numerous times, and will once again be looking to qualify for their first Rugby World Cup in 2010

    Tunisia is a very beautiful country, confident in its capabilities, its strong achievements, proud of its identity, implementing a strategy based on the mobilization and participation of all citizens and based on solidarity between social groups, the regions and generations, who are beginning the 21st century while being determined to meet the challenges and realize the aspirations and ambitions of a people, they go forward in realizing the right to development and attain the status of developed country to the edge of the next century.

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